These days, mobile apps connect more of the planet. Also, mobile apps enable users around the globe to engage in more interesting and innovative ways.

As so, the job of the mobile app developer has become even more fulfilling and necessary to the modern economy.

So, let’s dive in….. What is Android apps development? What are the fundamentals of becoming an Android apps developer? What are the tools for app development?

First, let us have a proper definition of Android app development

What is Android Apps Development??

We can simply define Android Apps development as the process by which new applications are created for devices running the Android operating system. Simple, right? Yes…

Meanwhile, a lot of programmers are getting busy, designing, and building apps and embedding them with favorable features. So, if you’re one of those enthusiasts, this article is just for you.

Next, I will be listing 5 Android fundamentals that you should know before you begin programming an Android app.

Fundamentals of Android Apps Development

Do you want to become an android apps developer? If your answer to that is yes… then you need to keep reading. 

Master the Android Language

First, you need to know that Java and XML are the two main programming languages used in Android App development. Therefore, understanding and proficiency over these programming languages are, therefore, prerequisites to developing an Android app. 

Note that a proper understanding of Java and XML will help you build/develop a more robust and elegant android app.

Understanding the Right Development Tools and Environment

Before you start developing your android app, you need to familiarize yourself with the build automation tools. As well as the integrated development environment, which is very important. 

These tools will help you learn the basics and many other things that will help improve your code. 

However, it is also important that you familiarize yourself with source control tools and concepts. 

Understanding Application Components

Understand that Application components are the essential building blocks of Android app development.

Now, each of the components is a different point by which the system can enter your app. However, I will list out five different types of app components that each serves a distinct purpose.

Activities – This app component works together to form a cohesive user experience in the app.

Services – Services run in the background to perform work for remote processes or long-running operations.  

Content provider – This is also useful for writing and reading data that is not shared and is private to your app.

Broadcast receivers – Broadcast receivers respond to system-wide broadcast announcements.

Activating Components – this component help binds individual components to one another at runtime whether the component belongs to your app or not.

Consciousness over Fragmentation, Android application, and Task

You need to realize that all android apps have an application class, one or more activities, and one or more fragments.

Now, if your device supports more devices or versions, it will require more maintenance, testing, as well as related cost.  

You will also have to consider the array of android supported sensors.

However, if you want to deliver a smooth user interface, you should always ensure that the thread is never blocked. Now, you see why it is very important to learn the Java language concurrency facilities.

Taking the Right Decision over Needed Tools

Well, the tools you need for developing an android app are just a Windows PC or Mac, Linux (any type), and Eclipse. Also, ADT Plugin, and the Android SDK. They are completely free. There are some parameters you need to put into consideration when writing an android app. 

Moving on to the tools you need to develop your android app…

Tools for Android Apps Development

Android Studio

Android Studio is an integrated development environment for all Android applications. 

This tool provides code editing, debugging, and testing tools all within an easy-to-use drag-and-drop interface. Android Studio is free to download. It is supported not only by Google but also by a large and actively engaged community of Android developers.

Android Debug Bridge

Android Debug Bridge is a command-line tool or “bridge” of communication between Android devices and other computers that can be used during development and the overall debugging and QA process.

With this tool, a developer is able to make modifications as needed to both devices.

Android Virtual Device Manager

The tool is an emulator used to run Android apps on a computer. It allows developers the ability to work with all types of Android devices to test responsiveness and performance on different versions, screen sizes, and resolutions.


Just like Android Studio, Eclipse can also be used for all Android applications development. Many Android apps developers still use it to create Android and other cross-platform apps.  It also works very well with many different programming languages.


This tool allows you to monitor the performance of all your production apps. It let you keep track of your stats and metrics, including CPU and disk usage, memory usage, frames per second, bandwidth, and more.


Remember that the cool features that come along with apps are what draw the interests of users. Technically, apps make phones “smart”. Also, through their benefits, apps have drastically transformed how we function today.